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Types of Child Care

Child Care

Child Care Centers


Licensed child care centers might operate four types of licenses:

  • Infant Care: Licensed to care for children ages birth up to two years of age and required to maintain a ratio of 1 adult to 4 infants.
  • Preschool Care: Licensed to care for children ages two to enrolled in kindergarten and required to maintain a ratio of 1 adult to every 12 children.
  • School Age Care: Licensed to care for children who are enrolled in kindergarten up to age thirteen and required to maintain a ratio of 1 adult to every 14 children.
  • Mildly Ill Care: Licensed to provide non-medical care to mildly ill children of all ages. Level I programs operate as components of child care centers and may serve only those children who are in the regular program. Level II centers are free-standing facilities and may care for children with contagious conditions.

Child Care Homes


Family Child Care Homes are licensed to operate:

Small Family Child Care Homes

  • Licensed to care for up to eight children
  • Two of the children must be at least 6 years old.
  • No more than 2 infants under 2 years of age are cared for when more than 6 children are present.
OR

  • Six children are present with a limit of 3 infants under 2 years of age.

OR

  • Four infants only are cared for.

This count includes the provider's children under the age of 10.



Large Family Child Care Homes


  • Licensed to care for up to fourteen children
  • Two of the children must be at least 6 years old.
  • No more than 2 infants are cared for when more than 6 children are present.
OR
  • Twelve children with a limit of 4 infants under two years of age are cared for.
This count includes the provider's children under the age of 10. A second caregiver must be present whenever more than 8 children are present.


Exempt Centers or Homes

License-Exempt Programs are exempt from licensing regulations for the following reasons:

  • Programs are operated on public school sites.
  • Programs are located at a private elementary school that cares for more than 95 percent of their own children.
  • Programs are operated on federal property.

Exempt Provider is an individual who takes care of the children of only one family in addition to their own. If the family being cared for is receiving assistance with their child care costs, the provider must obtain a background check through the Trustline Program. The exceptions to this requirement are grandparents, aunts, and uncles.